eng
episciences.org
Logical Methods in Computer Science
1860-5974
2006-03-07
Volume 2, Issue 1
10.2168/LMCS-2(1:3)2006
2257
journal article
Theories for TC0 and Other Small Complexity Classes
Phuong Nguyen
Stephen Cook
We present a general method for introducing finitely axiomatizable "minimal"
two-sorted theories for various subclasses of P (problems solvable in
polynomial time). The two sorts are natural numbers and finite sets of natural
numbers. The latter are essentially the finite binary strings, which provide a
natural domain for defining the functions and sets in small complexity classes.
We concentrate on the complexity class TC^0, whose problems are defined by
uniform polynomial-size families of bounded-depth Boolean circuits with
majority gates. We present an elegant theory VTC^0 in which the provably-total
functions are those associated with TC^0, and then prove that VTC^0 is
"isomorphic" to a different-looking single-sorted theory introduced by
Johannsen and Pollet. The most technical part of the isomorphism proof is
defining binary number multiplication in terms a bit-counting function, and
showing how to formalize the proofs of its algebraic properties.
https://lmcs.episciences.org/2257/pdf
Computer Science - Logic in Computer Science
Computer Science - Computational Complexity
F.4.1