Adam, Elie M. and Dahleh, Munther A. and Ozdaglar, Asuman - Towards an Algebra for Cascade Effects

lmcs:3770 - Logical Methods in Computer Science, July 6, 2017, Volume 13, Issue 3 -
Towards an Algebra for Cascade Effects

Authors: Adam, Elie M. and Dahleh, Munther A. and Ozdaglar, Asuman

We introduce a new class of (dynamical) systems that inherently capture cascading effects (viewed as consequential effects) and are naturally amenable to combinations. We develop an axiomatic general theory around those systems, and guide the endeavor towards an understanding of cascading failure. The theory evolves as an interplay of lattices and fixed points, and its results may be instantiated to commonly studied models of cascade effects. We characterize the systems through their fixed points, and equip them with two operators. We uncover properties of the operators, and express global systems through combinations of local systems. We enhance the theory with a notion of failure, and understand the class of shocks inducing a system to failure. We develop a notion of mu-rank to capture the energy of a system, and understand the minimal amount of effort required to fail a system, termed resilience. We deduce a dual notion of fragility and show that the combination of systems sets a limit on the amount of fragility inherited.

Volume: Volume 13, Issue 3
Published on: July 6, 2017
Submitted on: July 6, 2017
Keywords: Computer Science - Discrete Mathematics,Computer Science - Logic in Computer Science,Computer Science - Social and Information Networks,Mathematics - Combinatorics


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