We introduce a sequent calculus with a simple restriction of Lambek's product rules that precisely captures the classical Tamari order, i.e., the partial order on fully-bracketed words (equivalently, binary trees) induced by a semi-associative law (equivalently, right rotation). We establish a focusing property for this sequent calculus (a strengthening of cut-elimination), which yields the following coherence theorem: every valid entailment in the Tamari order has exactly one focused derivation. We then describe two main applications of the coherence theorem, including: 1. A new proof of the lattice property for the Tamari order, and 2. A new proof of the Tutte-Chapoton formula for the number of intervals in the Tamari lattice $Y_n$.

Source : oai:arXiv.org:1803.10080

DOI : 10.23638/LMCS-15(1:9)2019

Volume: Volume 15, Issue 1

Published on: February 5, 2019

Submitted on: March 28, 2018

Keywords: Mathematics - Logic,Computer Science - Logic in Computer Science,Mathematics - Combinatorics