Alain Finkel ; M. Praveen - Verification of Flat FIFO Systems

lmcs:5999 - Logical Methods in Computer Science, October 14, 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4 -
Verification of Flat FIFO Systems

Authors: Alain Finkel ; M. Praveen

The decidability and complexity of reachability problems and model-checking for flat counter machines have been explored in detail. However, only few results are known for flat (lossy) FIFO machines, only in some particular cases (a single loop or a single bounded expression). We prove, by establishing reductions between properties, and by reducing SAT to a subset of these properties that many verification problems like reachability, non-termination, unboundedness are NP-complete for flat FIFO machines, generalizing similar existing results for flat counter machines. We also show that reachability is NP-complete for flat lossy FIFO machines and for flat front-lossy FIFO machines. We construct a trace-flattable system of many counter machines communicating via rendez-vous that is bisimilar to a given flat FIFO machine, which allows to model-check the original flat FIFO machine. Our results lay the theoretical foundations and open the way to build a verification tool for (general) FIFO machines based on analysis of flat sub-machines.

Volume: Volume 16, Issue 4
Published on: October 14, 2020
Accepted on: August 10, 2020
Submitted on: December 25, 2019
Keywords: Computer Science - Computational Complexity,Computer Science - Logic in Computer Science,Theory of computation - Parallel computing models


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