Axelsson, Roland and Lange, Martin and Somla, Rafal - The Complexity of Model Checking Higher-Order Fixpoint Logic

lmcs:754 - Logical Methods in Computer Science, June 29, 2007, Volume 3, Issue 2
The Complexity of Model Checking Higher-Order Fixpoint Logic

Authors: Axelsson, Roland and Lange, Martin and Somla, Rafal

Higher-Order Fixpoint Logic (HFL) is a hybrid of the simply typed \lambda-calculus and the modal \lambda-calculus. This makes it a highly expressive temporal logic that is capable of expressing various interesting correctness properties of programs that are not expressible in the modal \lambda-calculus. This paper provides complexity results for its model checking problem. In particular we consider those fragments of HFL built by using only types of bounded order k and arity m. We establish k-fold exponential time completeness for model checking each such fragment. For the upper bound we use fixpoint elimination to obtain reachability games that are singly-exponential in the size of the formula and k-fold exponential in the size of the underlying transition system. These games can be solved in deterministic linear time. As a simple consequence, we obtain an exponential time upper bound on the expression complexity of each such fragment. The lower bound is established by a reduction from the word problem for alternating (k-1)-fold exponential space bounded Turing Machines. Since there are fixed machines of that type whose word problems are already hard with respect to k-fold exponential time, we obtain, as a corollary, k-fold exponential time completeness for the data complexity of our fragments of HFL, provided m exceeds 3. This also yields a hierarchy result in expressive power.


Source : oai:arXiv.org:0704.3931
DOI : 10.2168/LMCS-3(2:7)2007
Volume: Volume 3, Issue 2
Published on: June 29, 2007
Submitted on: October 25, 2006
Keywords: Computer Science - Logic in Computer Science,F.3.1,F.4.1


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