Nikola Beneš ; Luboš Brim ; Samuel Pastva ; David Šafránek - BDD-Based Algorithm for SCC Decomposition of Edge-Coloured Graphs

lmcs:8427 - Logical Methods in Computer Science, March 10, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 1 -
BDD-Based Algorithm for SCC Decomposition of Edge-Coloured GraphsArticle

Authors: Nikola Beneš ORCID; Luboš Brim ; Samuel Pastva ; David Šafránek

    Edge-coloured directed graphs provide an essential structure for modelling and analysis of complex systems arising in many scientific disciplines (e.g. feature-oriented systems, gene regulatory networks, etc.). One of the fundamental problems for edge-coloured graphs is the detection of strongly connected components, or SCCs. The size of edge-coloured graphs appearing in practice can be enormous both in the number of vertices and colours. The large number of vertices prevents us from analysing such graphs using explicit SCC detection algorithms, such as Tarjan's, which motivates the use of a symbolic approach. However, the large number of colours also renders existing symbolic SCC detection algorithms impractical. This paper proposes a novel algorithm that symbolically computes all the monochromatic strongly connected components of an edge-coloured graph. In the worst case, the algorithm performs $O(p \cdot n \cdot log~n)$ symbolic steps, where $p$ is the number of colours and $n$ is the number of vertices. We evaluate the algorithm using an experimental implementation based on binary decision diagrams (BDDs). Specifically, we use our implementation to explore the SCCs of a large collection of coloured graphs (up to $2^{48}$) obtained from Boolean networks -- a modelling framework commonly appearing in systems biology.

    Volume: Volume 18, Issue 1
    Published on: March 10, 2022
    Accepted on: January 15, 2022
    Submitted on: August 31, 2021
    Keywords: Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms

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