## Bernard Boigelot ; Julien Brusten ; Veronique Bruyere - On the Sets of Real Numbers Recognized by Finite Automata in Multiple Bases

lmcs:818 - Logical Methods in Computer Science, February 24, 2010, Volume 6, Issue 1 - https://doi.org/10.2168/LMCS-6(1:6)2010
On the Sets of Real Numbers Recognized by Finite Automata in Multiple Bases

Authors: Bernard Boigelot ; Julien Brusten ; Veronique Bruyere

This article studies the expressive power of finite automata recognizing sets of real numbers encoded in positional notation. We consider Muller automata as well as the restricted class of weak deterministic automata, used as symbolic set representations in actual applications. In previous work, it has been established that the sets of numbers that are recognizable by weak deterministic automata in two bases that do not share the same set of prime factors are exactly those that are definable in the first order additive theory of real and integer numbers. This result extends Cobham's theorem, which characterizes the sets of integer numbers that are recognizable by finite automata in multiple bases. In this article, we first generalize this result to multiplicatively independent bases, which brings it closer to the original statement of Cobham's theorem. Then, we study the sets of reals recognizable by Muller automata in two bases. We show with a counterexample that, in this setting, Cobham's theorem does not generalize to multiplicatively independent bases. Finally, we prove that the sets of reals that are recognizable by Muller automata in two bases that do not share the same set of prime factors are exactly those definable in the first order additive theory of real and integer numbers. These sets are thus also recognizable by weak deterministic automata. This result leads to a precise characterization of the sets of real numbers that are recognizable in multiple bases, and provides a theoretical justification to the use of weak automata as symbolic representations of sets.

Volume: Volume 6, Issue 1
Published on: February 24, 2010
Accepted on: June 25, 2015
Submitted on: December 12, 2008
Keywords: Computer Science - Logic in Computer Science,Computer Science - Formal Languages and Automata Theory,F.1.1,F.4.1,F.4.3