Marcelo Arenas ; Ronald Fagin ; Alan Nash - Composition with Target Constraints

lmcs:905 - Logical Methods in Computer Science, September 8, 2011, Volume 7, Issue 3 -
Composition with Target ConstraintsArticle

Authors: Marcelo Arenas ; Ronald Fagin ; Alan Nash

    It is known that the composition of schema mappings, each specified by source-to-target tgds (st-tgds), can be specified by a second-order tgd (SO tgd). We consider the question of what happens when target constraints are allowed. Specifically, we consider the question of specifying the composition of standard schema mappings (those specified by st-tgds, target egds, and a weakly acyclic set of target tgds). We show that SO tgds, even with the assistance of arbitrary source constraints and target constraints, cannot specify in general the composition of two standard schema mappings. Therefore, we introduce source-to-target second-order dependencies (st-SO dependencies), which are similar to SO tgds, but allow equations in the conclusion. We show that st-SO dependencies (along with target egds and target tgds) are sufficient to express the composition of every finite sequence of standard schema mappings, and further, every st-SO dependency specifies such a composition. In addition to this expressive power, we show that st-SO dependencies enjoy other desirable properties. In particular, they have a polynomial-time chase that generates a universal solution. This universal solution can be used to find the certain answers to unions of conjunctive queries in polynomial time. It is easy to show that the composition of an arbitrary number of standard schema mappings is equivalent to the composition of only two standard schema mappings. We show that surprisingly, the analogous result holds also for schema mappings specified by just st-tgds (no target constraints). This is proven by showing that every SO tgd is equivalent to an unnested SO tgd (one where there is no nesting of function symbols). Similarly, we prove unnesting results for st-SO dependencies, with the same types of consequences.

    Volume: Volume 7, Issue 3
    Published on: September 8, 2011
    Imported on: November 8, 2010
    Keywords: Computer Science - Databases,H.2.5

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